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Overview of Skilled Crafts Encouragement

Skilled crafts encouragement project began with the work related to skills competition from the establishment of HRD Korea in 1982. In order to create the climate of encouraging skills and promote technology, the organization of city & provincial committees of WorldSkills Korea, which would manage and support skills competitions, was rearranged, while in 1982, the first year of establishment, the regional skills competitions and national skills competition which also had the purpose of selecting the players to participate in WorldSkills. Regarding the outcomes of WorldSkills, Korea achieved the overall champion total of 19 times until 2015, since the first participation in 1967, to enhance national prestige and it confirmed Korea¡¯s level of skills in the world stage.

In the latter half of 1980s, the government enacted ¡¸Act on the Encouragement of Technical Skills¡¹ to prepare a systematic tool to give preferential treatment for the skilled technicians, who had been the driving force for Korea¡¯s economic development, in a more systematical and concrete way. In order to form a social climate for encouraging skills and giving preferential treatment to skilled technicians, HRD Korea has been actively implementing skills competitions, as well as carrying out project of selecting and supporting Korean Master Hands, Outstanding Instructors, Outstanding Enterprises for Skills Encouragement, and Skills Crafts Masters.

In 2011, as the ¡¸Act on the Encouragement of Technical Skills¡¹ was revised to ¡¸Act on the Encouragement of Skilled Crafts¡¹, the name of the project was also changed from Technical Skills Encouragement Project to Skilled Crafts Encouragement Project, and the major projects were expanded.

Recently, HRD Korea is making various efforts to head toward competence-centered society. The Skilled Crafts Encouragement Project of HRD Korea is a project to encourage the citizens to acquire skilled crafts needed for the industry and facilitate the improvement of skilled crafts as well as raise the social awareness of skilled craftsmen, based on ¡¸Act on the Encouragement of Skilled Crafts¡¹, so that economic and social status of skilled craftsmen would be improved and industrial competitiveness would be raised. In this respect, this project is performing major role in heading toward competence-centered society.

The unit projects for the Skilled Crafts Encouragement Project include the following: selecting and giving preferential treatment to Korean Master Hands; selecting and supporting Skilled Crafts Masters ; selecting and giving preferential treatment to Outstanding Skilled Craftsmen that set a good example for the encouragement of skilled crafts; discovering and giving preferential treatment to Korean Hand Masters; selecting and giving preferential treatment to Example Enterprises for Skills Encouragement; skills transferring project for pre-skilled craftsmen; operating skilled crafts experience camps; operating skilled craft mentoring; operating skills competitions; participating and holding WorldSkills; supporting private skills competitions, and international cooperation activities related to skills competition businesses.

HRD Korea operates a Global Institute for Transferring Skills (GIFTS) in Incheon for the globalization of Korea¡¯s vocational competency development policies and systems, and is developing pre-skilled craftsmen and expanding HRD exchanges with other countries.


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